Page 21 - November 2014
P. 21

Spacing Guidlines

        DIFFERENT PRINTERS DIFFER IN THEIR STYLE, BUR THE
FOLLOWING ARE GENERALLY ACCEPTED GUIDELINES FOR SPACING.

ÿ A three-to-em space is used between words set in ordinary lowercase
    letters.

ÿ The en-quad is used between words set in capitals or in extended letters.

ÿ An en-quad follows a colon, a semicolon, a question mark, and an
    exclamation point within a sentence.

ÿ The space placed after a period is slightly greater than the other spaces
    used in the line. If spacing with the three-to-em space, use an en-quad
    after the period.

ÿ Because the comma has so much shoulder, a word followed by a comma
    requires less space than other words in the same line not followed by a
    comma. If the line is spaced with three-to-em spaces, a four-to-em space
    should follow the comma. This is also true of the period used to mark
    abbreviations.

ÿ A three-to-em space precedes the first and follows the last mark of
    parenthesis or bracket.

ÿ A thin space follows the first and precedes the last mark of parenthesis or
    bracket if there is not a wide shoulder. (The use of the one-point or the
    one-half-point is determined by the width of the shoulder in the type.)

ÿ A thin space should be placed before the exclamation point, the question
    mark, the colon, and the semicolon, except when the marks arc cast (as
    they sometimes are) with sufficient shoulder to render it unnecessary.

ÿ A thin space should separate the quotation marks from adjacent letters
    that arc too close.

ÿ No space is needed after the dash unless it follows a comma. In that case,
    a thin space should be placed after the em-dash.

ÿ In poetry and at ends of paragraphs in which the type does not fill out
    the line, the blank is completed with quads. If the quads do not fill the
    line, spaces arc used, placed next to the type.

ÿ The space on each side of a word composed of two letters should not be
    greater than the space between longer words.

ÿ To justify type, increase space as needed rather than decreasing.
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